One of a set of five posters specially commissioned from leading graphic artists for the Nelson Mandela 70th Birthday Tribute concert held at Wembley Stadium on 11 June 1988. The posters were featured on the stage set.
Poster for the rally held in Hyde Park, London on Sunday 17 July as the culmination of the AAM’s ‘Nelson Mandela: Freedom at 70’ campaign. A crowd of 250,000 heard Archbishop Desmond Tutu, SWAPO Secretary General Andimba Toivo ja Toivo, Commonwealth Secretary General Shridath Ramphal and actor Richard Attenborough call for Mandela’s release. After the rally an overnight vigil was held outside South African House to see in Mandela’s birthday on 18 July.
One of a set of five posters specially commissioned from leading graphic artists for the Nelson Mandela 70th Birthday Tribute concert held at Wembley Stadium on 11 June 1988. This poster reproduced a woodcut by the Namibian artist John Muafangejo, who died in 1987. The posters were featured on the stage set.
Poster advertising the Nelson Mandela Freedom March, 12 June–17 July 1988. Twenty-five freedom marchers, one for each year of Mandela’s imprisonment, walked nearly 600 miles from Glasgow to London. They were seen off at a rally in Glasgow on 12 June by ANC President Oliver Tambo. Along the way they held meetings and events calling for Mandela’s release. On 17 July over 50,000 people joined the marchers on the last leg of the march to Hyde Park, where a crowd of a quarter of a million people heard Desmond Tutu call for Mandela’s release.
Poster advertising a concert held to celebrate Nelson Mandela’s 70th birthday on 18 July 1988. The concert featured the Zimbabwean group the Bhundu Boys, calypsonian David Rudder and Orchestra Marrabenta from Mozambique. It took place at The Academy, a major rock venue in Brixton, home of one of London’s biggest black communities.
In September 1987 an international conference held in Harare on ‘Children, Repression and the Law in Apartheid South Africa’ brought together representatives of international anti-apartheid movements and activists from within South Africa. They heard testimony from children who had been detained by the South African security forces. The British delegates later formed the Harare Working Group, which organised a conference at City University, London, attended by 700 people. Participants formed groups such as Teachers against Apartheid, Social Workers against Apartheid and Youth & Community Workers against Apartheid.
‘Sisters of the Long March’ toured Britain, September–December 1988, to win support for South African workers in their long-running dispute with the British-owned company BTR Sarmcol. The Sisters were a seven-woman song and dance group from Natal. They took their show to over 20 venues all over the country. The year before, a theatre group set up by the BTR workers brought their play about the strike ‘The Long March’ to Britain. Both tours were sponsored by the British TUC and supported by the AAM.
Poster advertising a meeting about South African and Namibian political prisoners on 11 October, the day designated by the UN as a day of solidarity with Southern African political prisoners.
Poster publicising a lobby of parliament held during the final stages of negotiations for Namibian independence. Its aim was to keep up the pressure on the South African government not to renege on its agreement and to highlight the need for continuing support for liberated Namibia. Hundreds took part and attended a House of Commons meeting addressed by SWAPO leaders and former Labour Foreign Secretary David Owen. Many local AA groups lobbied MPs in their constituencies.
Oscar Mpetha was a South African trade union leader and founder member of SACTU (South African Congress of Trade Unions). In 1980 he was arrested after taking part in protests in Nyanga, Cape Town, in which two people were killed. After a long trial he was sentenced to five years imprisonment. He was eventually released in 1989 soon after his 80th birthday.
In 1989 the AAM appointed a women’s campaign organiser and held a month of anti-apartheid action on women. All over the country women organised meetings, exhibitions and demonstrations outside supermarkets selling South African and Namibian products. This poster advertised a Women’s Cabaret Evening in Tottenham, north London to raise funds to buy a minibus for the ANC’s Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College in Tanzania.
Poster advertising a benefit concert at the Tabernacle in Notting Hill, West London organised by Notting Hill Anti-Apartheid Group. The AAM received no government or large institutional grants and depended on membership subscriptions and events like this for funding.
After the international conference on ‘Children, Repression and the Law in Apartheid South Africa’ in Harare in September 1987, professionals working with children set up a group under the auspices of SATIS (Southern Africa the Imprisoned Society) to publicise the treatment of childen under apartheid. This poster advertised a national information tour organised by the group, 22 April–17 May 1989.
In February 1989 the Anti-Apartheid Movement launched the ‘Boycott 89’ campaign to intensify the boycott of products of apartheid. The material produced for the campaign included a video, Fruits of Fear, and leaflets focusing on Cape and Outspan products, as well as major supermarket chains like Tesco. The centrepiece was the Boycott Bandwagon, a converted double-decker bus, which visited over 140 towns, cities and villages during the year.
The Boycott Bandwagon, a converted bus, was the centrepiece of the AAM’s ‘Boycott 89’ campaign. It visited over 140 towns, cities and villages all over Britain distributing information about the boycott of South African goods and showing a specially commissioned video, Fruits of Fear.
This poster was produced for the Anti-Apartheid Movement’s ‘Boycott 89’ campaign. Its targets were Cape and Outspan, the brand names used for South African fruit in Britain. Using photomontage, the poster implied that if shoppers purchased South African fruit, they were helping the apartheid regime fund its war machine. The poster was used on 18 March and 24 June 1989, when local activists took part in nationally co-ordinated pickets of shops selling Cape and Outspan products.
The Upington 14 were sentenced to death on 26 May 1989 because they were present during a demonstration during which a black policeman was killed. They included a 60-year old woman, Evelyn de Bruin. After an international campaign for their release, the sentence was overturned in May 1991.
The AAM held its first Freedom Run in Brockwell Park, south London, on 11 June 1989. The Freedom Run became an annual event, raising funds for the AAM and for projects in Southern Africa.
Poster advertising march and rally in central London, 20 June 1989, where Albertina Sisulu was the main speaker.