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Black Solidarity

pic8109. Armando Guebuza in London

FRELIMO Central Committee member and future Mozambique President Armando Guebuza at a meeting with representatives of London’s black community, 24 June 1981.

 
pic8210. St Paul’s Carnival

Activists in the multi-racial area of St Paul’s, Bristol declared it an anti-apartheid free zone in the early 1980s. Opposition to apartheid was so strong that the local Tesco’s stopped stocking South African goods.

 
spo23. Racism & Sport

Black British sportspeople were especially active in sports boycott campaigns. The main speaker at this conference was Paul Stephenson, the only black member of the British Sports Council. The conference was organised by the Communist Party’s Afro-Caribbean Organisation.

 
pic8412. Black councillors say ‘No to Botha’

Three local councillors from London’s black community express their opposition to Botha’s visit to Britain in June 1984. Black organisations were prominent in the opposition to the visit. They formed a special mobilising committee and there were many articles in the London black press. The West Indian Standing Conference held on all-night vigil on 1–2 June.

 
pic8508. AAM demonstration for sanctions

Clarence Thompson, General Secretary of the West Indian Standing Conference, speaking at the AAM rally in Trafalgar Square on 16 June 1985. 25,000 people marched up Whitehall to Trafalgar Square on 16 June 1985 to demand sanctions against South Africa. Left to right: Jerry Herman from the US Disinvestment Campaign, Trevor Huddleston, Denis Goldberg of the ANC, Clarence Thompson, Zerbanoo Gifford of the Liberal Party and SWAPO leader Hidipo Hamutenya.

 
lgs16. St Paul’s Apartheid Free Zone

In 1985 the local community association in the multi-racial St Paul’s area of Bristol launched a campaign to persuade local shops and businesses to end all links with South Africa. After a slow start, the great majority of local shops and all seven pubs in the area agreed to boycott apartheid products. This newsletter reproduced a Declaration signed by local businesses. The campaign gained such momentum that the local Tesco’s branch agreed not to stock South African goods.

 
lgs20. St Paul’s Apartheid Free Zone annual report

In 1985 the local community association in the multi-racial St Paul’s area of Bristol launched a campaign to persuade local shops and businesses to end all links with South Africa. After a slow start, the great majority of local shops and all seven pubs in the area stopped selling apartheid products. The community association also asked local businesses to boycott Barclays Bank. Its annual report described the progress of the campaign. 

 
spo17. 'Stop the Srpingboks!'

Leaflet publicising a demonstration at the International Rugby Union’s centenary celebrations at Twickenham on 19 April 1986. The ‘rest of the world’ squad included several Springboks sponsored by the whites-only South African Rugby Board. The demonstration was organised by the AAM, SANROC and the British Black Conference against Apartheid Sport. There was also a demonstration in Cardiff, where the British Lions played a world squad on 16 April.

 
fai03. Carols for Liberation

The AAM’s Multi-Faith Committee held a carol service in Trafalgar Square on 21 December 1986. The singing was led by the ANC and SWAPO choirs and the London Community Gospel Choir, and other groups gave readings on the situation in Namibia and South Africa. The event was sponsored by the four leading black London newspapers.

 
pic8840. Happy Birthday, Nelson Mandela!

Cutting a birthday cake for Nelson Mandela at the Mangrove, All Saints Road in west London.

 
bsc01. Call to Action

The AAM’s Black Solidarity Committee was set up in 1988 as the Black and Ethnic Minorities Committee. This introductory brochure set out facts about apartheid in South Africa and Namibia and called for support for the ANC and SWAPO. It asked people from black and ethnic minority communities to join the AAM and support its campaigns.

 
bsc02. National Committee discussion

The AAM held its 1989 July National Committee meeting in the multi-racial area of Grangetown, Cardiff. Black and ethnic minority supporters took part in a special session at the meeting to discuss their role in the anti-apartheid struggle.

 
bsc03. Africa Liberation Day

This Africa Liberation Day celebration was the first public event held by the AAM’s Black and Ethnic Minorities Committee. The highlight of the evening was a speech by Mozambican writer and FRELIMO activist Lina Magaia. A collection was made for the SWAPO Election Appeal Fund.

 
bsc04. Black Solidarity Seminar

The AAM Black and Ethnic Minorities Committee held this seminar soon after the release of Nelson Mandela. One of the speakers was Labour MP Bernie Grant, who met Mandela on the day of his release. Sipho Pityana made an analysis of the new situation in South Africa. The seminar was attended by representatives of British black organisations, including the Black Unity and Freedom Party, the West Indian Ex-Servicemen’s Association and Afro-Caribbean student groups.

 
po121. Revd Jesse Jackson Speaks

Poster advertising a meeting at the Hackney Empire Theatre, London on 4 February 1990, organised by the Parliamentary Black Caucus and the AAM.

 
bsc05. Fundraising social

The AAM Black and Ethnic Minorities Committee organised this fundraising social for delegates to the September 1991 meeting of the AAM’s National Committee.

 
bsc06. Black solidarity consultation conference

In the early 1990s the AAM debated the role of international solidarity after the end of apartheid. The AAM Black and Ethnic Minorities Committee convened this consultation conference to discuss the special role of black and ethnic minorities in future solidarity action.

 
po130. Education for Liberation

Poster advertising a conference in London on 3 April 1993 on the role that the British black community could play in helping to transform education in Southern Africa.

 
bsc07. A Luta Continua!

In the early 1990s the AAM Black Solidarity Committee distributed this leaflet to British black organisations. It asked them to support their brothers and sisters struggling for freedom in Southern Africa by either joining AAM campaigns or organising independently. It offered to help them set up direct links with the liberation movements.

 
int13a1. Lela Kogbara interview clip 1

Lela Kogbara was a member of the Anti-Apartheid Movement’s Black Solidarity and Executive Committees, and an activist in South London AA Group. She was the Chair of Action for Southern Africa (ACTSA) from 1994 to 2012, and still serves on its Executive Committee.

In this clip Lela Kogbara describes the aims of the Black Solidarity Committee.

 
 
 
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