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doc59. Krugerrands: Money for Apartheid

Krugerrands were gold coins minted in South Africa to stimulate international demand for South African gold. This report was issued on the eve of the Commonwealth Prime Ministers Conference held in Nassau in October 1985 to discuss sanctions against South Africa. British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher held out against the imposition of wide-ranging sanctions and agreed only to a few measures, including a ban on the import of Krugerrands.

doc60. One Union’s Fight Against Apartheid

In 1964 David Kitson was sentenced to 20 years imprisonment for sabotage. In the late 1950s he worked as a draughtsman in Britain and was a member of the trade union DATA, later TASS. As soon as it heard of his arrest, the union formed the Free Dave Kitson Committee. For the next 20 years TASS campaigned for his release and helped support his family. David Kitson served his full sentence and was freed in 1984.

doc61. The General Electric Company Limited

This report showed how the British company GEC supplied the South African Defence Force with sophisticated technology and worked closely with South African state corporations. It estimated that 40–50% of the black workers employed by GEC’s South African subsidiaries were paid below the minimum level recommended by the British government’s Code of Conduct for British corporations operating in South Africa. Christian Concern for Southern Africa (CCSA) was set up in 1972 to research and publicise the role played by British companies in South Africa. Its reports were widely distributed by the AAM.

doc62. ICI in South Africa

Through its subsidiary company African Explosives and Chemical Industries (AECI) the British chemicals giant ICI had interests in South Africa dating back to the development of the gold mines in the 19th century. This report showed how AECI worked closely with the apartheid government and operated a strict colour bar in its South African operations. Christian Concern for Southern Africa (CCSA) was set up in 1972 to research and publicise the role played by British companies in South Africa. Its reports were widely distributed by the AAM.

doc63. Supping with the Devil: Scotland’s Apartheid Connection

Report making the case for sanctions against South Africa and examining the role played by Scottish companies in the apartheid economy. The report reviews Scottish anti-apartheid campaigns and assesses the impact of the boycott of South African goods.

doc64. Business as Usual: International Banking in South Africa

In the wake of the Guardian exposé of the poverty wages paid by British companies in South Africa in 1973, this report examined the role of the international banking system in the systemic exploitation of black workers. It showed how the South African economy depended on European and American banking conglomerates for investment and to fund its expansion into the rest of Southern Africa. Counter Information Services produced a series of reports in the 1970s focusing on the operations of economic sectors and individual British companies, including a report on Consolidated Gold Fields.

doc65. South Africa: A time to choose

This pamphlet set out the case for international sanctions against South Africa. It was published as a follow-up to a resolution passed by the General Council of the Student Christian Movement in September 1964 asking the UK and Irish governments to support a UN Security Council resolution imposing sanctions against South Africa. The SCM had a wide membership among students in the mid-1960s and worked closely with the Anti-Apartheid Movement.

doc66. State of War: Apartheid South Africa’s Decade of Militarism

Report detailing South Africa’s military build-up in the early 1980s and its attacks on the front-line states. The Committee on South African War Resistance (COSAWR) was set up by young white South Africans who refused to be conscripted into the apartheid government’s armed forces. Increasing numbers of them were forced into exile from the late 1970s. They played an important part in anti-apartheid campaigns, especially in Britain, and COSAWR worked closely with the Anti-Apartheid Movement.

doc67. Solidarity with South African Rail Workers

In March 1986 members of the British NUR set up Rail Against Apartheid to mobilise support among British railwaymen for the South African Rail and Harbour Workers Union (SARHWU). This report by two Rail Against Apartheid members who visited South Africa on a fact-finding mission was written in the aftermath of SARHWU’s three-month strike in 1987 during which six South African railworkers were shot dead by police. The report details the practical support given by the NUR to SARHWU and Rail Against Apartheid’s involvement in wider AAM campaigns for the isolation of apartheid South Africa.

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