Women from the ANC Women’s Section and AAM Women’s Committee demonstrated in support of Theresa Ramashamola to mark 8 March, International Women’s Day. Theresa was one of the Sharpeville Six, who were sentenced to death in December 1985 because they were present at a protest where black collaborators were killed. In December 1987 the South African Appeal Court rejected their appeal for clemency. SATIS responded with a campaign of letters and postcards asking the British government to intervene. After huge international protests the death sentence was commuted in July 1988. Copyright © Andrew Wiard/Report
WOMEN AGAINST APARTHEID
Women played a special part in the Anti-Apartheid Movement. They highlighted the ways in which black women in Southern Africa were doubly oppressed – as black people and as women. They campaigned for women throughout the Southern African region, in Zimbabwe, Namibia and the front-line states, as well as in South Africa.
They called for the release of women political prisoners and collected medical equipment and toiletries for refugees and freedom fighters in SWAPO and ANC camps in Angola. They raised funds for educational materials for the ANC’s Solomon Mahlangu Freedom School and crèche in Tanzania.
Women were active in the boycott campaign – asking shoppers not to buy South African fruit and clothing. In 1985, as the result of a women’s campaign, the Next fashion chain cancelled its contract with South Africa.
SOUTH AFRICA EXPELLED FROM IPPF
From 1980 the AAM Women’s Committee made links with British women’s groups, organising special dayschools and workshops. It exposed the use of the controversial contraceptive depo-provera in South Africa and after a three-year campaign, together with the AA Health Committee, forced South Africa to resign from the International Planned Parenthood Federation in 1987.
The Committee worked closely with the ANC Women’s Section in London and the SWAPO Women’s Solidarity Committee. It produced a regular women’s newsletter.
VOICE FOR WOMEN
Women also worked to give women a stronger voice within the wider AAM – making sure that women had a role in policy-making and that platforms were not male-dominated.
ANC ‘Year of the Women’ meeting. South Africa Women’s Day was marked by a packed meeting in Hackney Town Hall on 9 August 1984. The meeting was organised by the ANC’s London Women’s Committee. In the picture (l. to r.) are ANC Women’s Section representatives Florence Maleka and Felicia Mzamo, Glenys Kinnock. and Labour MP Joan Lestor 1984 was designated the Year of the Women by the African National Congress.
Poster for the AAM women's conference 1976.
AAM women’s membership leaflet. The leaflet quotes the song sung by women on the Federation of South African Women’s anti-pass demonstration at the government buildings in Pretoria in 1956.
Poster advertising a festival held at Finsbury Park, London to celebrate South Africa Women’s Day. The main speakers were American black activist Angela Davis and ANC Western Europe representative Ruth Mompati.
Women demonstrating outside the South African Embassy on Intrenational Women's Day, 8 March 1986.